Eco-Friendly Reupholstery: Sustainable Choices for Furniture Restoration

Steve Harvey
4 min readSep 11, 2023

Furniture refurbishing refers to the process of restoring old furniture by replacing its worn-out upholstery. Nowadays, where sustainability has become imperative, eco-friendly practices must be adopted even for furniture refabrication.

Opting for sustainable materials and processes for reupholstery allows preserving furniture while reducing waste and environmental impact. This blog post discusses the benefits of eco-friendly furniture refurbishing and provides actionable tips for sustainable furniture refabrication.

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Benefits of Eco-Friendly Reupholstery

Choosing eco-friendly options for old or antique furniture refurbishment offers several advantages:

Cost-Effectiveness: Sustainable materials like organic fabrics and recycled textiles are quite affordable compared to newly manufactured upholstery. Reupholstering old furniture also costs a fraction of buying new furniture. This allows restoring sentimental pieces cost-effectively.

Preserving Sentimental Value: Furniture often holds special memories and emotional value. Opting for reupholstery preserves these while giving a fresh new look. Eco-friendly materials offer no harm during restoration.

Customisation: Reupholstery allows customising furniture according to current needs and styles. Mixing eco-friendly fabrics and sustainable stuffing materials facilitates customised restoration.

Reduced Waste: Throwing away old furniture creates large amounts of waste ending up in landfills. Furniture refurbishment is a greener solution allowing continued use of existing furniture frames.

Lower Environmental Impact: Sustainable materials have a lower carbon footprint compared to newly manufactured furniture and fabrics. Processes like zero-waste pattern-making further reduce environmental impact.

Supporting Local Business: Opting for small green furniture restoration businesses supports local artisans skilled in such restoration work. Most eco-friendly materials are also sourced locally.

Aesthetic Improvement: Along with an eco-makeover, refurbishing also improves furniture aesthetically. Refurbished pieces get a fresh and trendy look suiting modern sensibilities.

Choosing Eco-Friendly Materials

Several eco-friendly refurbishing materials are now available to choose from:

Organic Fabrics: Made from natural fibres like organic cotton, linen, jute etc. without toxic dyes and chemicals. These renewable materials have lower environmental impact.

Recycled Textiles: Fabrics made from recycled PET bottles, salvaged clothing, fishing nets, etc. Help divert waste while creating durable upholstery.

Natural Latex Foam: Sourced from the sap of rubber trees, this biodegradable material is used for padding and stuffing. It’s durable, comfortable and renewable.

Wool: A renewable and biodegradable material, wool batting makes comfortable and breathable stuffing. Traceable sources ensure ethical production.

Horsehair: A strong, resilient natural fibre often used for padding in antique furniture reupholstery. Sourced as a by-product of the meat industry.

Water-based Adhesives: These non-toxic glues keep VOC emissions low. Easier clean-up also minimises wastage during application.

Organic Dyes: Using vegetable dyes derived from plants reduces exposure to harmful chemicals. It is safer for reupholsterers and the environment.

Recycled Leather: Upcycled leather made from discarded materials has unique imperfections. Using it reduces waste while retaining durability.

Steps for Eco-Friendly Reupholstery

Here are step-by-step guidelines for effective and eco-friendly modern furniture refurbishment:

Evaluate the Furniture: Assess the piece to identify areas needing repair. Check for loose joints, broken frames, warped wood etc. that must be fixed first.

Envision the Transformation: Decide on the new look you want to achieve through reupholstery. Will it be a complete style change or a simple fabric update? This shapes further planning.

Choose Sustainable Materials: Select fabrics, padding and other materials keeping sustainability in mind. Get samples to visualise combinations. Order supplies once finalised.

Hire a Green Upholsterer: Pick an experienced upholsterer knowledgeable about eco-friendly processes and materials. Check reviews and examples of previous work.

Remove the Old Upholstery: The upholsterer will remove all old fabric, stuffing, springs and padding. These can be salvaged if usable.

Make Repairs: Existing damages and flaws are fixed at this stage. Broken woodwork may need grafting or splicing. New webbings and springs installed if needed.

Add New Padding: Eco-friendly padding materials like natural latex foam, wool batting, or horsehair are layered as per the furniture type and design.

Sew New Fabric: The upholsterer cuts and sews the new sustainable fabric onto the furniture frame. Eco-friendly threads and water-based adhesives used.

Final Touches: Details like nailheads, decorative trim, casters etc. are installed. The piece is cleaned thoroughly before delivery.

Enjoy the Renewed Look: The eco-friendly restoration process preserves the furniture frame while giving it an inviting new look and additional years of use.

Proper planning, preparation and hiring experienced upholsterers offer an effectively executed green reupholstery project.

The Need for Sustainable Furniture Restoration

Furniture manufacturing has a significant environmental impact considering the wood, water, energy and other resources used during the production process.

Reupholstering and restoring existing furniture frames instead of discarding them reduces waste substantially. It also decreases the demand for newly manufactured furniture and the associated carbon emissions.

Choosing eco-friendly materials further diminishes the environmental impact making reupholstery a sustainable solution.

Well-restored furniture can serve for decades to come. By giving neglected pieces a new lease of life through green furniture refurbishment, you can conserve resources and reduce waste. The small act of restoring instead of replacing even a few furniture items makes a meaningful difference.


Eco-friendly reupholstery offers multiple benefits. By choosing eco-conscious upholsterers and materials, furniture refabrication can be undertaken responsibly.

Proper planning and preparation are key for effective results. Evaluate restorability, envision the new design, pick sustainable materials and experienced upholsterers before proceeding. The renewed furniture gives years of additional use while embodying eco-values.